This module was concerned with the development of an extended research proposal for my dissertation. This is to include extensive reading around my chosen area of study, the development of a research question, timeline and research design and consideration of ethics.
I finally settled on the following research question:
To what extent can virtual courses support the development of independent learning beyond ‘real time’ curriculum delivery?
With the following subsidiary questions:
- Can virtual courses effectively develop skills/attributes, recognised as being absent in learners beginning undergraduate courses?
- Can virtual courses be entirely independent or is there a preference for face-to-face interaction between learner and educator?
- Model 1: A combination face-to-face interaction with the teacher alongside the virtual course. The teacher sets the pace of the learning and decides the learning path.
- Model 2: Virtual course only. Interaction is encouraged between learners with minimal text-based (electronic) interaction with the teacher (Email/Twitter). The learners set their own pace and decide their own path.
- Is there a relationship between results achieved and participants preferred model?
- Does either model result in any immediate impact on students’ learning at A-Level?
- Which of the two models is most effective in developing learner independence/interdependence?
The completed proposal, including an outline of the course, literature review and detailed research approach design can be read here: ER Assignment.
What follows is a full set of references including web links where available:
- ASDAN (2012) Certificate of Personal Effectiveness (CoPe) – Level 3, Retrieved June 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.asdan.org.uk/Qualifications/CoPE_L3
- Bassey, M (1981) Pedagogic research: on the relative merits of the search for generalization and study of single events, Oxford Review of Education, 7(1), 73-93
- Bell, J. (2005) Doing Your Research Project: a guide for first-time researchers in education, health and social science, Maidenhead: Open University Press (5th ed.)
- Belshaw, Doug (2011) Student attendance in the digital age, JISC Inform, Issue 31, Retrieved, January 2012 from the World Wide Web on: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/inform/inform31/DougBelshaw.html
- Blaxter, L., Hughes, C. and Tight, M. (2010) How to Research, 4th edition, Buckingham: Open University Press
- Claxton, G (2006) Expanding the Capacity to Learn: A new end for education? (BERA 2006 Keynote)
- Cohen, L. (1976) Educational Research in Classroom and Schools: A Manual of Materials and Methods, London: Routledge (4th ed.)
- Cohen, Louis., Manion, Lawrence., Morrison, Keith. (2007) Research Methods in Education, Routledge, 6th Edition.
- Cormier, D. (2010) Success in a MOOC, Retrieved August 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=r8avYQ5ZqM0
- Crabtree, H., Roberts, C. and Tyler, C. (2007) Understanding the Problems of Transition into Higher Education, Retrieved July 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.ece.salford.ac.uk/proceedings/papers/35_07.pdf
- Demetriou, H. The Case Study, in Wilson, E (2009) School based research, London, Sage.
- Denscombe, M. (2010) The good research guide: for small-scale social research projects, 4th ed, Open University Press.
- Dziuban, H., & Moskal, P. (2004). Blended learning. E-Center for Applied Research Bulletin, (7): 1-12.
- Downes, S. (2011) ‘Connectivism’ and Connective Knowledge, Huffington Post, Retrieved August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/stephen-downes/connectivism-and-connecti_b_804653.html
- Facer, Keri (2011) Learning Futures: Education, Technology and Social Change, T & F Books UK
- Heppell, S. (2010) Meta Cognition, Stephen Heppell, Learning and Teaching Scotland: Assessment for Learning, iTunesU, Retrieved 18 January 2011 from the World Wide Web: http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/itunesu/index.asp
- Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E., Duncan, Ravit G., and Chinn, Clark A.,(2007) Scaffolding and Achievement in Problem-Based and Inquiry Learning: A Response to Kirschner, Sweller, and Clark (2006) Educational Psychologist, 42:2, 99–107
- Jarvis, Christine (2010): Practicalities not prejudices: HE admissions and 14–19 diplomas, Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 15:4, 441-454
- Jonassen, et al (2003) Learning to solve problems with technology: a constructivist perspective.
- Kirschner, Paul A., Sweller, John, Clark, Richard E., (2006): Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching, Educational Psychologist, 41:2, 75-86
- Krippendorf, K. (1980) Content Analysis, London: Sage Publications in Bell, J. (2005) Doing Your Research Project: a guide for first-time researchers in education, health and social science, Maidenhead: Open University Press (5th ed.)
- Mitra, S., Dangwal, R., Chatterjee, S., Jha, S., Bisht, R. S. and Kapur, P. (2005). Acquisition of computing literacy on shared public computers: Children and the “hole in the wall”, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 21(3), 407-426. Retrieved, April 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet21/mitra.html
- Mitra, S.(2009) Remote Presence: Technologies for ‘Beaming’ Teachers Where They Cannot Go, Journal of Emerging Technologies in Web Intelligence, Vol. 1, No. 1
- Morris, Sean Michael (2012) Broadcast Education: a Response to Coursera, Hybrid Pedagogy, Retrieved August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.hybridpedagogy.com/Journal/files/Broadcast_Education.html
- The Mozilla Foundation and Peer 2 Peer University (2012) Open Badges for Lifelong Learning (White Paper), Retrieved July 2012 from the World Wide Web: https://wiki.mozilla.org/images/archive/5/59/20120827221150%21OpenBadges-Working-Paper_012312.pdf
- Puentedura, Ph.D., Ruben R. (2006) Transformation, Technology, and Education, Retrieved 15th June, 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://hippasus.com/resources/tte/
- Punch, K. F. (2005) Introduction to Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, London: Sage (2nd ed.)
- Resnick, Mitchell (2012) Learning from Scratch, Learning Without Frontiers Conference 2012 (Video), Retrieved 13.02.12 from the World Wide Web: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDPssJedOJ4
- Rheingold, Howard (2012) Toward Peeragogy, DML Central, Retrieved, August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://dmlcentral.net/blog/howard-rheingold/toward-peeragogy
- Robinson, Ken (2006) Ken Robinson says schools kill creativity, TED 2006 (Video). Retrieved, May 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity.html
- Robson, C. (1993) Real World Research. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd
- Schofield, Cathy (2010) Entry profiles as Predictors of Retention and Success of HE students within an FE context, presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Warwick, 1-4 September 2010
- SEEC (2010). Credit level descriptors for Higher Education. Southern England Consortium for Credit Accumulation and Transfer, Retrieved, May 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.seec.org.uk
- Siemens, G. (2008) What is the uniquie idea in Connectivism, Retrieved August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.connectivism.ca/?p=116
- Siemens, G. (2012a) What is the theory that underpins our MOOCs?, Retrieved August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/2012/06/03/what-is-the-theory-that-underpins-our-moocs/
- Siemens, G. (2012b) MOOCa are really a platform, Retrieved August 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/2012/07/25/moocs-are-really-a-platform/
- Stenhouse, L. (1985) Research as a basis for teaching: readings from the work of Lawrence Stenhouse, Oxford: Heinmann Educational
- Tashakkori, A. and Teddlie, C. (2003). Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioural research, London: Sage.
- Thornburg, David D. Ph.D. (2007) Campfires in Cyberspace: Primordial Metaphors for Learning in the 21st Century, Retrieved, April 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.tcpd.org/thornburg/handouts/campfires.pdf
- Webb, E., Campbell, D., Schwartz, R., & Sechrest, L. (1966) Unobtrusive measures. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.
- Whitebread, David., Anderson, Holly., Coltman, Penny., Page, Charlotte., Pino Pasternak, Deborah., Mehta, Sanjana., (2005), Developing independent learning in the early years, Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 33:1, 40-50
- Yin, R. (1994) Case study research: Design and methods (2nd ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishing
- Yin, R. (2006) Mixed Methods Research: Are the Methods Genuinely Integrated or Merely Parallel?, Research in the Schools, 13:1, 41-47